National identity predicts public health support during a global pandemic

Nature communications

Nat Commun. 2022 Jan 26;13(1):517. doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-27668-9.

ABSTRACT

Changing collective behaviour and supporting non-pharmaceutical interventions is an important component in mitigating virus transmission during a pandemic. In a large international collaboration (Study 1, N = 49,968 across 67 countries), we investigated self-reported factors associated with public health behaviours (e.g., spatial distancing and stricter hygiene) and endorsed public policy interventions (e.g., closing bars and restaurants) during the early stage of the COVID-19 pandemic (April-May 2020). Respondents who reported identifying more strongly with their nation consistently reported greater engagement in public health behaviours and support for public health policies. Results were similar for representative and non-representative national samples. Study 2 (N = 42 countries) conceptually replicated the central finding using aggregate indices of national identity (obtained using the World Values Survey) and a measure of actual behaviour change during the pandemic (obtained from Google mobility reports). Higher levels of national identification prior to the pandemic predicted lower mobility during the early stage of the pandemic (r = -0.40). We discuss the potential implications of links between national identity, leadership, and public health for managing COVID-19 and future pandemics.

PMID:35082277 | PMC:PMC8792004 | DOI:10.1038/s41467-021-27668-9

Authors

Jay J Van Bavel
Aleksandra Cichocka
Valerio Capraro
Hallgeir Sjåstad
John B Nezlek
Tomislav Pavlović
Mark Alfano
Michele J Gelfand
Flavio Azevedo
Michèle D Birtel
Aleksandra Cislak
Patricia L Lockwood
Robert Malcolm Ross
Koen Abts
Elena Agadullina
John Jamir Benzon Aruta
Sahba Nomvula Besharati
Alexander Bor
Becky L Choma
Charles David Crabtree
William A Cunningham
Koustav De
Waqas Ejaz
Christian T Elbaek
Andrej Findor
Daniel Flichtentrei
Renata Franc
Biljana Gjoneska
June Gruber
Estrella Gualda
Yusaku Horiuchi
Toan Luu Duc Huynh
Agustin Ibanez
Mostak Ahamed Imran
Jacob Israelashvili
Katarzyna Jasko
Jaroslaw Kantorowicz
Elena Kantorowicz-Reznichenko
André Krouwel
Michael Laakasuo
Claus Lamm
Caroline Leygue
Ming-Jen Lin
Mohammad Sabbir Mansoor
Antoine Marie
Lewend Mayiwar
Honorata Mazepus
Cillian McHugh
John Paul Minda
Panagiotis Mitkidis
Andreas Olsson
Tobias Otterbring
Dominic J Packer
Anat Perry
Michael Bang Petersen
Arathy Puthillam
Julián C Riaño-Moreno
Tobias Rothmund
Hernando Santamaría-García
Petra C Schmid
Drozdstoy Stoyanov
Shruti Tewari
Bojan Todosijević
Manos Tsakiris
Hans H Tung
Radu G Umbreș
Edmunds Vanags
Madalina Vlasceanu
Andrew Vonasch
Meltem Yucel
Yucheng Zhang
Mohcine Abad
Eli Adler
Narin Akrawi
Hamza Alaoui Mdarhri
Hanane Amara
David M Amodio
Benedict G Antazo
Matthew Apps
F Ceren Ay
Mouhamadou Hady Ba
Sergio Barbosa
Brock Bastian
Anton Berg
Maria P Bernal-Zárate
Michael Bernstein
Michał Białek
Ennio Bilancini
Natalia Bogatyreva
Leonardo Boncinelli
Jonathan E Booth
Sylvie Borau
Ondrej Buchel
C Daryl Cameron
Chrissie F Carvalho
Tatiana Celadin
Chiara Cerami
Hom Nath Chalise
Xiaojun Cheng
Luca Cian
Kate Cockcroft
Jane Conway
Mateo Andres Córdoba-Delgado
Chiara Crespi
Marie Crouzevialle
Jo Cutler
Marzena Cypryańska
Justyna Dabrowska
Michael A Daniels
Victoria H Davis
Pamala N Dayley
Sylvain Delouvee
Ognjan Denkovski
Guillaume Dezecache
Nathan A Dhaliwal
Alelie B Diato
Roberto Di Paolo
Marianna Drosinou
Uwe Dulleck
Jānis Ekmanis
Arhan S Ertan
Tom W Etienne
Hapsa Hossain Farhana
Fahima Farkhari
Harry Farmer
Ali Fenwick
Kristijan Fidanovski
Terry Flew
Shona Fraser
Raymond Boadi Frempong
Jonathan A Fugelsang
Jessica Gale
E Begoña Garcia-Navarro
Prasad Garladinne
Oussama Ghajjou
Theofilos Gkinopoulos
Kurt Gray
Siobhán M Griffin
Bjarki Gronfeldt
Mert Gümren
Ranju Lama Gurung
Eran Halperin
Elizabeth Harris
Volo Herzon
Matej Hruška
Guanxiong Huang
Matthias F C Hudecek
Ozan Isler
Simon Jangard
Frederik J Jørgensen
Frank Kachanoff
John Kahn
Apsara Katuwal Dangol
Oleksandra Keudel
Lina Koppel
Mika Koverola
Emily Kubin
Anton Kunnari
Yordan Kutiyski
Oscar Laguna
Josh Leota
Eva Lermer
Jonathan Levy
Neil Levy
Chunyun Li
Elizabeth U Long
Chiara Longoni
Marina Maglić
Darragh McCashin
Alexander L Metcalf
Igor Mikloušić
Soulaimane El Mimouni
Asako Miura
Juliana Molina-Paredes
César Monroy-Fonseca
Elena Morales-Marente
David Moreau
Rafał Muda
Annalisa Myer
Kyle Nash
Tarik Nesh-Nash
Jonas P Nitschke
Matthew S Nurse
Yohsuke Ohtsubo
Victoria Oldemburgo de Mello
Cathal O'Madagain
Michal Onderco
M Soledad Palacios-Galvez
Jussi Palomäki
Yafeng Pan
Zsófia Papp
Philip Pärnamets
Mariola Paruzel-Czachura
Zoran Pavlović
César Payán-Gómez
Silva Perander
Michael Mark Pitman
Rajib Prasad
Joanna Pyrkosz-Pacyna
Steve Rathje
Ali Raza
Gabriel G Rêgo
Kasey Rhee
Claire E Robertson
Iván Rodríguez-Pascual
Teemu Saikkonen
Octavio Salvador-Ginez
Waldir M Sampaio
Gaia C Santi
Natalia Santiago-Tovar
David Savage
Julian A Scheffer
Philipp Schönegger
David T Schultner
Enid M Schutte
Andy Scott
Madhavi Sharma
Pujan Sharma
Ahmed Skali
David Stadelmann
Clara Alexandra Stafford
Dragan Stanojević
Anna Stefaniak
Anni Sternisko
Agustin Stoica
Kristina K Stoyanova
Brent Strickland
Jukka Sundvall
Jeffrey P Thomas
Gustav Tinghög
Benno Torgler
Iris J Traast
Raffaele Tucciarelli
Michael Tyrala
Nick D Ungson
Mete S Uysal
Paul A M Van Lange
Jan-Willem van Prooijen
Dirk van Rooy
Daniel Västfjäll
Peter Verkoeijen
Joana B Vieira
Christian von Sikorski
Alexander Cameron Walker
Jennifer Watermeyer
Erik Wetter
Ashley Whillans
Robin Willardt
Michael J A Wohl
Adrian Dominik Wójcik
Kaidi Wu
Yuki Yamada
Onurcan Yilmaz
Kumar Yogeeswaran
Carolin-Theresa Ziemer
Rolf A Zwaan
Paulo S Boggio