Assessing the pool activity level (PAL) checklist for use with people with hearing and vision loss

Geriatric nursing (New York, N.Y.)

Geriatr Nurs. 2023 Jun 30;53:1-5. doi: 10.1016/j.gerinurse.2023.06.001. Online ahead of print.


BACKGROUND: The PAL is a career-completed assessment that indexes cognitive functional ability to inform individualised support. As hearing and vision loss are prevalent, we assessed the PAL for potential bias with hearing or vision impairment.

METHODS: We collected PAL responses for 333 adults aged over 60 years in the UK, France, Canada, Greece and Cyprus. All participants had normal cognition based on self-reported status and normal range scores on a cognitive screening test. Using a Kruskal-Wallis test, we compared PAL item response distributions for people with assessed hearing or vision loss compared to those with normal sensory function.

RESULTS: There were no differences in response distributions between hearing or vision impaired groups versus those with normal sensory function on any PAL item.

CONCLUSION: The PAL reliably indexes cognitive functional ability and may be used to inform support tailored to individual cognitive level amongst older adults with prevalent hearing and vision impairments.

PMID:37393752 | DOI:10.1016/j.gerinurse.2023.06.001