Spanish version of the Frontotemporal Dementia Knowledge Scale: adaptation and validation

Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria

Arq Neuropsiquiatr. 2021 Dec 17:S0004-282X2021005028202. doi: 10.1590/0004-282X-ANP-2020-0550. Online ahead of print.

ABSTRACT

BACKGROUND: Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) is a neurodegenerative disease and is one of the most common causes of dementia in people under 65. There is often a significant diagnostic delay, as FTD can be confused with other psychiatric conditions. A lack of knowledge regarding FTD by health professionals is one possible cause for this diagnostic confusion.

OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to adapt and validate the Frontotemporal Dementia Knowledge Scale (FTDKS) in Spanish.

METHODS: A translation was done, following cross-cultural adaptation guidelines, which consisted of forward translation, blind back translation, and an analysis by a committee of experts. For the present study, 134 professionals from different health areas responded the Spanish version of the FTDKS. The statistical analysis was performed using R version 4.0.0 "Arbor day" and the Psych, sjPlot packages.

RESULTS: The Spanish version of the FTDKS had good reliability and internal consistency (Cronbach alpha 0.74.). The sample's mean score was 19.78 (range = 4-32, SD 6.3) out of a maximum of 36 points.

CONCLUSIONS: The results obtained show that the Spanish version has good psychometric properties. The FTDKS is applicable in our environment and can be a useful tool to evaluate the knowledge of health professionals regarding frontotemporal dementia.

PMID:34932650 | DOI:10.1590/0004-282X-ANP-2020-0550

Authors

Nahuel Magrath Guimet
Ismael Luis Calandri
Pablo Miguel Bagnati
Matthew Wynn
Ricardo Francisco Allegri