The use of non-invasive brain stimulation in auditory perceptual learning: A review

Hearing research

Hear Res. 2023 Nov;439:108881. doi: 10.1016/j.heares.2023.108881. Epub 2023 Aug 29.


Auditory perceptual learning is an experience-dependent form of auditory learning that can improve substantially throughout adulthood with practice. A key mechanism associated with perceptual learning is synaptic plasticity. In the last decades, an increasingly better understanding has formed about the neural mechanisms related to auditory perceptual learning. Research in animal models found an association between the functional organization of the primary auditory cortex and frequency discrimination ability. Several studies observed an increase in the area of representation to be associated with improved frequency discrimination. Non-invasive brain stimulation techniques have been related to the promotion of plasticity. Despite its popularity in other fields, non-invasive brain stimulation has not been used much in auditory perceptual learning. The present review has discussed the application of non-invasive brain stimulation methods in auditory perceptual learning by discussing the mechanisms, current evidence and challenges, and future directions.

PMID:37689034 | DOI:10.1016/j.heares.2023.108881