What is the neuroscience of language?

The neuroscience of language is a branch of cognitive neuroscience, a field aimed to understand the relationship between our mental experiences and our biology, with emphasis on the brain in the context of our bodies. We, human beings, have many mental abilities that can be studied scientifically. Many researchers are interested in understanding the neurobiological bases of memory, or the origin of emotions or attention, and so on. Trying to understand how language —the ability to produce and comprehend language, to acquire a native tongue, or to learn a foreign language— relates to the brain is the task of the neuroscience of language.