Innovations in Neurophysiology and Their Use in Neuropsychiatry
Noro Psikiyatr Ars. 2022 Oct 21;59(Suppl 1):S67-S74. doi: 10.29399/npa.28234. eCollection 2022.
Many structural and functional tests are used to explore the nature of neurodevelopmental and neurodegenerative diseases. Cognitive involvement has become more and more remarkable in many neurological and psychiatric diseases. This condition evoked a paradigm shift, and today disorders are addressed from a neuroscientific perspective, including silent symptoms. The spatial resolution of structural studies is lacking and is combined with the unique temporal resolution of EEG methods. In our current clinical practice, EEG does not have definitive diagnostic value in psychiatric disorders, but it helps to make a correct diagnosis by excluding other neurological diseases. However, the use of EEG for research purposes is promising in both groups. In this review; there is up-to-date information on the use of electrophysiological examinations in neurological diseases, especially Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease, Frontotemporal dementia, and psychiatric disorders such as schizophrenia, mood disorders, attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder, to define the point we have reached in our journey to understand these disorders.